## Mathematics Science Classes

### MTH 120

**SURVEY OF MATHEMATICS** is an introduction to various topics in mathematics designed to teach critical thinking and to impart a general knowledge and appreciation of mathematics. Topics will be selected from logic, geometry, linear and exponential growth, personal finance, discrete mathematics, probability, statistics and social choice theory. **(Mathematics Core)**

*3 credit hours*

### MTH 121

**MATHEMATICS FOR EARLY AND MIDDLE GRADE TEACHERS I** includes such topics as an introduction to problem solving, set theory, functions, logic, numeration systems, and other number bases, and an overview of the real number system with its subsystems and related properties. Historical development and mathematical connections are stressed. The course is only for majors pursuing early childhood, middle grades, or intervention specialist licensure.

* 3 credit hours*

### MTH 122

**MATHEMATICS FOR EARLY AND MIDDLE GRADE TEACHERS II** provides application of real and complex numbers, algebraic thinking, Cartesian coordinate system, computing interest, probability and multistage experiments, statistics, and geometry utilizing graphic calculators. This course is only for majors pursuing early childhood, middle grades, or intervention specialist licensure.

*3 credit hours*

### MTH 123

**MATH/AYA GRADES III **includes a comprehensive overview to problem solving strategies, set theory, introductory logic, numeration systems, algebraic relationships, mathematical applications, statistics, probability, geometry, measurement, and coordinate functions using graphing calculators and stressing the historical contributions of mathematicians. This course is limited to candidates seeking adolescent to young adult licensure in integrated mathematics.

*3 credit hours*

### MTH 134

**ELEMENTS OF GEOMETRY** is designed for education majors and focuses on properties of geometric figures, geometric relations (congruence and similarity), measurement, estimation, plane geometry, Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries, coordinates and transformations, and deductive arguments. The course will also include historical highlights; teaching techniques and learning styles; and the use of technology in instruction. Students will frequently engage in group activities and peer teaching.

*Prerequisites: MTH 121 and 122, 155*

*3 credit hours*

### MTH 155

**FINITE MATHEMATICS** is an introduction to mathematical topics and applications required by many college level major programs. The material covered includes equations, inequalities, systems of linear equations and matrices, linear programming, mathematics of finance, and probability.

*Prerequisite: 1 year of high school algebra*

*3 credit hours*

### MTH 156

**APPLIED CALCULUS** is intended to follow MTH 155. Topics include precalculus review, functions, limits differentiation and application of the derivative and integration and applications of the integral.

*Prerequisite: 2 years of high school algebra*

* 3 credit hours*

### MTH 160

**PRECALCULUS** presents selected topics from algebra and elementary functions as preparation for studying calculus.

* (Communications Core)*

*Prerequisite: Two years of high school mathematics including algebra and plane geometry*

*3 credit hours*

### MTH 161

**ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS I** studies inequalities, relations, functions, graphs, straight lines, limits and continuity, differentiation, and the definite integral. Students will complete computer symbolic algebra (e.g. Maple) experiments. Historical and career information is included.

*Prerequisite: Three years of high school mathematics including two years of algebra or MTH 160 *

*4 credit hours*

### MTH 162

**ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS II** studies conics, trigonometric and exponential functions, parametric equation and arc length, polar coordinates, infinite series, and methods of integration and applications. Students will complete symbolic algebra (e.g. Maple) experiments.

*Prerequisite: MTH 161*

* 4 credit hours*

### MTH 171

**MATRIX THEORY I** focuses on elementary matrix algebra, which has become an integral part of the mathematical background necessary for such diverse fields as electrical engineering, education, chemistry and sociology, as well as for statistics, computer science and pure mathematics. Application is made to the solution of linear systems.

*Corequisite: MTH 161*

* 1 credit hour*

### MTH 172

**MATRIX THEORY II** continues with the applications of matrix algebra to the solution of linear systems and to linear transformations on abstract vector spaces. A special emphasis is placed on applications to computer science.

*Prerequisite: MTH 171*

*Corequisite: MTH 162*

*1 credit hour*

### MTH 179

**HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS **provides an introduction to the historical and philosophical development of mathematics, including the contributions of underrepresented groups and diverse cultures.

* 1 credit hour*

### MTH 210

**EUCLIDEAN AND NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY** begins with a close study of portions of Euclid’s Elements, including complete coverage of the first book. The historical impact of his axiomatic approach and its ultimate refinement in Hilbert’s axioms will be explored. This course will cover some of the history of the attempts to prove the Parallel Postulate, leading up to the discovery of non-Euclidian geometries in the 19th century. The two main models of non-Euclidean geometries (elliptic and hyperbolic) will be described and some of their properties investigated. Finally, the history of geometry since the discovery of non-Euclidean geometries (e.g. Kline’s Erlanger Program) will be briefly covered.

*Prerequisites: One year of high school geometry or MTH 134*

3 credit hours

### MTH 220

**DISCRETE MATHEMATICS** surveys proof techniques, recursion, induction, modeling, and algorithmic thinking. Other topics covered include set theory, discrete number systems, combinatorics, graph theory, Boolean algebra, and a variety of applications. There is an emphasis on oral and written communication of mathematical ideas, cooperative learning and the proofs of mathematical conjectures.

*Prerequisite: MTH 161*

*3 credit hours*

### MTH 261

**ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS III** considers solid analytic geometry, vectors, partial differentiation, and multiple integration. Students will use graphing calculators and will complete computer symbolic algebra (MAPLE) experiments.

*Prerequisite: MTH 162*

* 4 credit hours*

### MTH 265

**DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS** presents ordinary differential equations and their applications with an emphasis on techniques of solution including numerical methods.

*Prerequisite: MTH 261*

* 3 credit hours*

### MTH 270

**CHAOS AND FRACTALS** examines the mathematics behind two fascinating and inter-related topics, fractals and chaos. Chaos and fractals are components of dynamics, a subject that studies how systems change over time. Through computer experimentation and simulations students will experience how new mathematics is developed. Topics covered include fractals: feedback and the iterator; classical fractals and self-similarity; length, area and dimension; fractals with a random component; recursive structures including L-systems; attractors; deterministic chaos; fixed points, stable and unstable; and the period-doubling route to chaos.

*Prerequisites: MTH 162, 172 and at least 1 computer course*

3 credit hours

### MTH 305

**INTRODUCTION TO ABSTRACT ALGEBRA** develops the structural concepts that characterize abstract algebra. Topics in this course will be selected from the following: elementary number theory, groups, rings, integral domain, fields, and vector spaces. There is an emphasis on the oral and written communication of mathematical ideas. Students will frequently work in groups on special projects.

*Prerequisites: MTH 161-162, 220*

*3 credit hours*

### MTH 311

**LINEAR PROGRAMMING** covers both the theory and applications of linear programming, one of the leading methods for large-scale optimization. The simplex method will be studied in detail. Applications include product mix, diet, transportation, and network flow problems. Integer programming will be touched on briefly. Computer tools such as spreadsheet solvers will be introduced and used.

*Prerequisites: MTH 220*

3 credit hours

### MTH 330

**NUMBER THEORY AND CRYPTOGRAPHY** covers the fundamental algorithms used in both private key and public key cryptography. Algorithms covered will include DES, AES, Diffie-Hellman, and RSA. Traditional encryption methods such as Vigenere ciphers and their cryptanalysis will be briefly described. The number theory needed to understand primality testing and RSA encryption will be developed in detail. Several programming projects aimed at implementing some of the material will be given throughout the semester. (Cross listed with CSC 330)

*Prerequisites: CSC 141, 144, 171 or 280; and MTH 220*

3 credit hours

### MTH 333

**INTERMEDIATE LINEAR ALGEBRA** is a course in finite dimensional vector spaces and linear transformations, including inner product spaces, determinants, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

*Prerequisite: MTH 162, MTH 172, and MTH 220*

*3 credit hours*

### MTH 335

**JUNIOR SEMINAR** is designed to teach mathematical science majors the skills necessary to learn mathematics on their own and communicate their knowledge to others in oral and written form. All students will attend presentations made by senior mathematics students. Students will be required to write a short, independently researched paper and present it to the other students in the junior seminar.

* 1 credit hour*

### MTH 391

**ADVANCED CALCULUS FOR APPLICATIONS** covers the topics of vector field theory, Fourier series, and partial differential equations.

*Prerequisite: MTH 265*

* 3 credit hours*

### MTH 401

**MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS I** introduces a statistical basis for decision making to the student of applied science in this modern tool of analysis. This will be accomplished by studies in probability theory for both discrete and continuous sample spaces and in an introduction to statistical inference.

*Prerequisites: MTH 161-162*

* 3 credit hours*

### MTH 402

**MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS II** is a continuation of *MTH 401* covering additional concepts and techniques of statistics with an emphasis on problem-solving approaches.

*Prerequisite: MTH 401*

* 3 credit hours*

### MTH 408

**INTRODUCTION TO FUNCTIONS OF A COMPLEX VARIABLE** liberates the mathematician from the restrictions imposed by the domain of real numbers when the broader field of complex numbers is made available. Beginning with a study of complex numbers, this course introduces the algebra and the calculus of elementary functions.

*Prerequisite: MTH 261*

* 3 credit hours*

### MTH 420

**INTRODUCTION TO REAL ANALYSIS** gives a theoretical presentation of the real numbers, sequences and their limits, including lim sup and lim inf; continuity; sequences of functions and pointwise and uniform convergence; and the (point set) topology of the reals.

*Prerequisites: MTH 220, 261 and 332*

* 3 credit hours*

### MTH 430

**NUMERICAL ANALYSIS** provides students with an intuitive and working understanding of numerical methods of problem solving, an appreciation of the concept of error and the need to control it, and the ability to implement numerical methods using a computer. Topics include: approximation of functions, interpolation, error analysis, numerical integration and differentiation, numerical linear algebra, and numerical solutions to differential equations.

*Prerequisites: MTH 161-162 and either CSC 141 144 or 280*

* 3 credit hours*

### MTH 434

**SENIOR THESIS** requires all mathematical science students to write a thesis on an approved mathematical topic. Students must consult closely with a departmental faculty member at each stage in the development of their theses. The thesis will be presented to students in the Junior Seminar.

*1 credit hour*