Campus Security - Campus Emergency Guide | Franciscan University of Steubenville
  • CAMPUS EMERGENCY GUIDE

    This Campus Emergency Guide is designed to give guidance on how to handle various emergency situations on the campus of Franciscan University of Steubenville. In any emergency, you are instructed to call 911 or Campus Security at 740-283-6911. Special emergency telephones that ring directly into the Campus Security Office are located strategically throughout the campus. Outdoor emergency phones are marked with a blue light.

    Each specific emergency situation is unique; for that reason, no emergency guide can ever be comprehensive. However, in any emergency, it is always recommended that you remain calm; always be aware of the situation around you; and always report emergencies to Campus Security as soon as reasonably possible.

    This guide is designed with recommendations on how to prepare for various emergency situations. While this information is helpful and informative, it is critical for you to read this information before an actual emergency. The following are guidelines we recommend you follow in various emergency situations.

     

    ACTIVE SHOOTER SITUATION

    Active Shooter Circumstances

    An Active Shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area. Active shooter situations are unpredictable and evolve quickly. Because of this, individuals must be prepared to deal with an active shooter situation before law enforcement personnel arrive on the scene.  For this reason, it is important that you are prepared to take the actions necessary to protect yourself.

    Options on how to respond when an active shooter is in your vicinity:
    run
    • Have an escape route and plan in mind. Rehearse your exit plan.
    • If it is safe to do so, you should get out of the building and move as far away until you are in a safe location away from danger.
    • Evacuate regardless of whether others agree to follow.
    • Leave your belongings behind, but take your cellphone if it is in close proximity.
    • Help others escape, if possible.
    • Prevent individuals from entering an area where the active shooter may be.
    • Keep your hands visible.
    • Follow the instructions of any police officer during an evacuation.
    • Call 911 or Campus Security at 740.283.6911 when you are safe.

    HIDE
    • Find a place to hide and find protection.
    • Hide in an area out of the active shooter’s view (i.e., hide behind large items such as cabinets and desks).
    • Block entry to your hiding place (i.e., barricade the door with heavy furniture, etc.) and lock the doors.
    • If the door has a lock, use it. If the door opens in, barricade it closed with heavy furniture or any items located in the area. You may also use something to wedge under the door to help barricade it.
    • If the door opens out, tie a belt or other items to the door and then to a heavy piece of furniture that cannot be pulled through the doorway. This will help to keep the door from being opened from the hallway. Again cover the door with furniture or other items in the area.
    • If the door has a window, cover it if you can.
    • Depending on the gunman’s location, consideration may also be made to exit through ground floor window openings. Have someone watch as you get as many people out of the windows as calmly and quietly as possible.
    • If the windows do not open, or you cannot break them, or you are not on the ground floor, get out of sight from the door, stay away from windows, take cover behind or under furniture, stay low, keep quiet, and act as if no one is in the room.
    • Remain quiet and silence your cellphone.
    • Do not answer the door.
    • Turn off any source of noise (i.e., radios, televisions).
    • Close the blinds, turn off the lights, spread out away from other individuals if possible and move behind cover.
    • Stay on the floor, away from doors and windows, and do not peek out to see what may be happening.
    • Do not to restrict your options for movement, if possible.
    • If safe to do so, call 911 to alert the police of the active shooter’s location and offer as many details as possible (i.e., number of shooters, physical description of the shooter(s), number and type of weapons, number of potential victims, etc.).
    • If you cannot speak, leave the line open and allow the dispatcher to listen.

    FIGHT
    • As a last resort, take action against the active shooter only when your life is in imminent danger and there are no other options. Attempt to incapacitate or disrupt the assailant.
    • Act as physically aggressively as possible against the active shooter (i.e., throwing items, creating weapons, trip them with a chair, find an object to strike the assailant with).
    • Make a plan with others in the room about what you will do if the shooter enters the room and act as a team with others. If fighting is your only option, try to fight in a group (swarm).
    • Make a total commitment to your action.
    • Do whatever is necessary to survive the situation.
    • These best practices are demonstrated in the video shown here.

    How to respond when law enforcement arrives on the scene
    • Remain calm and follow the officer’s instructions.
    • Put down any items in your hands (i.e., bags, jackets).
    • Immediately raise hands and spread fingers.
    • Keep hands visible at all times.
    • Avoid making quick movements toward officers such as attempting to hold on to them for safety.
    • Avoid pointing, screaming and/or yelling.
    • Do not stop to ask officers for help or direction when evacuating, just proceed in the direction from which officers are entering the premises.
    • Be prepared to provide law enforcement with the location of the active shooter(s); number of shooters, physical description of the shooter(s), number and type of weapons, number of potential victims, etc.).

    Awareness and Preparation

    Develop a survival mindset. Be aware of your surroundings. Take time to understand your surroundings and location before an emergency occurs. Ask yourself, “What if?” questions and develop a plan. You can better prepare for an active shooter situation by imagining various scenarios playing out in the locations you take classes, study, reside or work.

    An active shooter may be a current or former student or employee of the University. Alert the Office of Human Resources or the Office of Student Life if you believe a student or employee exhibits potentially violent behavior. Although one cannot accurately predict who may become an active shooter, there are signs of identifying a person at risk. Be aware of the signs of potentially violent behavior which may include one or more of the following:

    • Behavioral changes such as angry and/or emotional outbursts, agitation, intimidation, bullying, altercations with others, increased and/or erratic severe mood swings, noticeably unstable or emotional responses, strange and disturbing behavior, disruptive behavior, extreme or prolonged sadness, isolated or withdrawn, significant problems interacting with others;
    • Increased use of alcohol and/or illegal drugs;
    • Unexplained increase in absenteeism, and/or vague physical complaints, significant drop in performance, inappropriate or incoherent writing;
    • Increasingly talks of problems at home;
    • Increase in unsolicited comments about violence, firearms, and other dangerous weapons and violent crimes.

     

    BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS

    Bloodborne pathogens are pathogenic microorganisms that are transmitted via human blood, saliva and other bodily fluids. They include — but are not limited to — hepatitis B and C, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

    Here are a few simple rules to follow when faced with the possibility of exposure to bloodborne pathogens, or any body fluids for that matter.

    • PROTECT — Protect yourself from blood or blood-containing materials. This includes wearing protective equipment such as gloves and goggles and using a breathing barrier if you are performing CPR. Consider your options if you find yourself with no protective equipment.
    • ACT — If you find you have come into contact with another person’s blood or other body fluids, act quickly and safely. Wash the area immediately with hot, soapy water for up to a minute before rinsing. If your eyes have been contaminated, flush them with clean water for up to five minutes. If a flushing agent is not available at the scene, have someone get water for you. All exposure incidents are to be reported, investigated and documented.
    • CLEAN — After an emergency, clean any areas contaminated with blood or body fluids. Wear protective equipment. Clean the area with neutral disinfectant prescribed by the laboratory, if available. If not, combine a solution of ½ cup of bleach to 1 quart of water. Completely flush the area and let the solution stand for at least three minutes. Be careful when wiping up the area, especially if you are dealing with broken glass or wood or metal splinters. Put all soiled items, including soiled cleaning materials, in a plastic bag and take it to the dumpster as soon as you are finished. If there is an injection device, broken glass or metal sweep up with a broom and dustpan. Put items in a sharps container or cardboard box for removal. If a situation arises in which you observe more than a few drops of blood, contact the Custodial Department.
    • TELL — Report the incident immediately to your instructor, supervisor or laboratory manager and call 911 if necessary for immediate medical attention. Call the Physical Plant services office at 740-283-6278 or the Security Office at 740-283-6911 to contact the Custodial Department for clean-up.

     

    BOMB THREAT

    If a bomb threat is received by phone:
    1. Remain calm. Keep the caller on the line for as long as possible. DO NOT HANG UP, even if the caller does.
    2. Listen carefully. Be polite and show interest.
    3. Try to keep the caller talking to learn more information.
    4. Ask the Caller:
      • Where is the bomb located? (Building, Floor, Room, etc.)
      • When will it go off?
      • What does it look like?
      • What kind of bomb is it?
      • What will make it explode?
      • What is your name?
      • Why did you place the bomb?
       
    5. If possible, write a note to a colleague to call the authorities or, as soon as the caller hangs up, immediately notify them yourself.
    6. If your phone has a display, copy the number and/or letters on the window display.
    7. Write down as much detail as you can remember. Try to get exact words, particularly regarding the threat itself. Other information about the caller that is helpful is:
      • Time of the call
      • Estimated age and sex of the caller
      • Where is the caller located? (Background and level of noise)
      • Speech pattern, tone of speech, accent
      • Is the voice familiar? If so, who does it sound like?
       
    8. Immediately upon termination of the call, do not hang up, but from a different phone, contact Campus Security at 740. 283.6911 or call 911 immediately with information and await instructions.

    If a bomb threat is received by handwritten note:

    Call Campus Security at 740.283.6911 or 911 immediately. Handle the note as minimally as possible. Follow the instructions from emergency personnel.

    If a bomb threat is received by email or other electronic communication:

    Call Campus Security at 740.283.6911 or 911 immediately. Do not delete the message. Follow instructions from emergency personnel.

     

    CHEMICAL SPILL

    A chemical spill is any unplanned release of a chemical, whether it is a solid, liquid, or gas. A chemical is hazardous if it would cause harm to humans or the environment if not properly controlled. A minor chemical spill is a spill that does not present an immediate hazard (health, fire, explosion, etc.) to persons in the area and which can be handled safely without the use of respiratory protection or specially trained emergency response personnel. Franciscan University defines other spills as major chemical spills.

    When a hazardous chemical is released, appropriate and immediate response can prevent serious injury to students and employees. The first priority in all spill situations is a person's health and safety. Do not attempt to clean up a spill without knowledge of the chemical(s) involved and never without someone to help you.

    Recommended Procedures

    • In the event of a minor spill, you must take the following steps:
      1. Alert people in immediate area of spill.
      2. Wear protective equipment as needed (safety goggles, gloves, etc.).
      3. Avoid breathing vapors from spill. Increase area ventilation by opening windows and turning on any hoods in the room.
      4. Confine spill to small area with absorbent materials. Try to prevent spill from entering waterways or floor drains.
      5. For inorganic acids and bases, use appropriate spill kit to neutralize and absorb. For other chemicals, use appropriate kit or contain spill with absorbent materials, vermiculite, dry sand, diatomaceous earth (i.e. plain kitty litter), or paper towels.
      6. Collect spill residue, place in container, label the container, and contact a recognized authority for disposal information.
      7. Clean spill area with water or as directed.
       
    • In the event of a major spill of hazardous material, you must take the following steps:
      1. Evacuate and immediately call 911 or Campus Security at 740.283.6911. If possible, provide the following information:
        1. Your name and phone number;
        2. Identity and amount of spilled material;
        3. Location of spill (building, room, location in room);
        4. Time of spill; and
        5. Whether anyone in the area is having symptoms that may require medical help.
         
      2. In case of personal contamination, remove affected clothing and flush contaminated skin with water for at least fifteen minutes. Seek medical attention immediately.
      3. Alert people in the surrounding area to evacuate.
      4. If you can do so without placing yourself or others at risk, turn off ignition and heat sources, maintain fume hood ventilation (if any), and open windows (if any) to increase ventilation.
      5. Close doors to affected area once the area is evacuated.
      6. Have person(s) knowledgeable of the incident and the work area assist emergency personnel upon arrival.
      7. Assist people with disabilities in exiting the building.
       

     

    CIVIL DISTURBANCE/DEMONSTRATION

    Not all demonstrations are unlawful. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that certain activity is protected under the U.S. Constitution. However, participating in a demonstration or other activity, or inciting others to participate in such activity, is prohibited when such activity disrupts or obstructs teaching, research, administration, disciplinary proceedings, free flow of pedestrian or vehicular traffic, or other University functions, including its public service functions on or off campus, or other authorized non-University activities when the act occurs on University premises.

    In the event of a civil disturbance, you should immediately contact Campus Security at 740.283.6911 or 911 and be prepared to give information such as the name of the individual(s) or group, if known; the location and size of the group; and whether any weapons are involved.

    Avoid provoking or obstructing demonstrators, and avoid the area of the disturbance.

    While you should continue to conduct normal business operations as much as possible, if it becomes necessary, you should cease operations and evacuate. If the disturbance is outside, stay away from doors or windows, and stay inside.

     

    EARTHQUAKE

    During an earthquake, you may experience shaking that starts out gentle, but quickly grows violent and knocks you off your feet or you may be jarred by a violent jolt (as though a building was hit by a truck), feel shaking, and have difficulty moving about.

    During the Quake
    1. Indoors—get under a desk or table or stand in a doorway or corner. Stay clear of windows, bookcases, mirrors, fireplaces and anything that could fall. If possible, extinguish open flames/ignition sources. Do not use elevator.
    2. Outside—stay in an open area away from trees, buildings, walls, streetlights and power lines.
    3. Crowded public place—do not rush to doors. Move away from objects that could fall.
    4. Driving—pull over and stop. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees overpasses and power lines. Stay inside the vehicle until shaking stops. If the earthquake was severe, do not attempt to cross damaged bridges, overpasses, or damaged sections of road.

    After the Quake
    1. Check for injuries. If items can be moved by hand, help people who are trapped.
    2. Call Campus Security at 740.283.6911or 911 to report serious injury, fire, or gas leak. If phone is not operating, go to the Office of Campus Security.
    3. If natural gas is leaking, extinguish all sources of ignition, and do not turn on or off any electrical switches in the area.
    4. Attempt to block off damaged areas until help can arrive.
    5. Do not touch downed power lines or damaged building equipment.
    6. If your building is damaged, evacuate and attempt to secure building against re-entry.
    7. If you have a radio or cellular phone (and batteries and chargers), take with you.
    8. Turn on a battery-powered radio for damage information.
    9. Keep streets clear for emergency vehicles. Do not drive a vehicle unless there is an emergency.
    10. Be prepared for aftershocks (usually smaller than the main quake, but may cause additional damage to weakened structures).

     

    EVACUATION

    An Evacuation is a total building or partial building evacuation due to conditions making it no longer safe to remain inside a building or a specific area in a building. All occupants must leave a building if an evacuation is ordered or a fire alarm is sounded. An evacuation requires occupants to move out and away from a building or out and away from a specific area inside a building.

    Initiation of Evacuation Procedure

    When the Emergency Coordinator or designee determines the need to evacuate a given building or buildings for the safety of the campus community, notification that an "Evacuation" has been ordered will be communicated through the Emergency Notification System and by other appropriate means.

    Evacuation Procedure

    Once the notice to "Evacuate" has been issued take the following action:

    • Activate the fire alarm.
    • Immediately obey evacuation alarms and orders. Tell others to evacuate.
    • Classes in session must evacuate. No one may remain inside a building when an evacuation is in progress.
    • If involved with hazardous research or doing a dangerous procedure, immediately shut down operations that could create additional hazards if left unattended. Evacuate as soon as possible.
    • When you evacuate, take keys, coat, purse and any other critical personal items with you to the Emergency Assembly Area (EAA).
    • Close doors as rooms are vacated.
    • Assist those who need help, but do not put yourself at risk attempting to rescue trapped or injured victims. Note the location of trapped and injured victims and notify emergency responders.
    • Walk calmly but quickly to the nearest emergency exit.
    • Use stairways only. Do not use elevators.
    • Keep to the right side of corridors and stairwells as you exit.
    • Exit the building and proceed directly to your building’s designated Emergency Assembly Area (EAA). Stay away from the immediate area near the building you evacuated. Do not congregate at the entrance of the building.
    • Remain in the Emergency Assembly Area (EAA) until roll is taken and instructions are given. Relocate to alternate sheltering site(s) if necessary due to weather or the amount of time the building must remain vacant.
    • Do not reenter the building until authorized Fire, Police or Security Department personnel give the "All Clear" instruction.

    EVACUATION GUIDELINES OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

    • Check on people with special needs during evacuation. A “buddy system” where people with disabilities arrange for volunteers (co-employees/student) to alert and assist them in an emergency is recommended.
    • Only attempt an evacuation if you have had emergency assistance training or the person is in immediate danger and cannot wait for emergency services personnel.
    • Always ask someone with a disability how you can help before attempting any emergency evacuation assistance. Ask how he or she can best be assisted or moved, and whether there are any special considerations or items that need to come with the person.
    • Students and employees who are mobility impaired should let the designated building representative know of the location of their usual work area and special needs.

    Additionally, students and employees with disabilities are encouraged to discuss issues of fire safety and other emergency situations with the Director of Campus Safety and Compliance (or designee). Students are encouraged to inform Faculty and other University personnel of issues specific to their disability that may be necessary to know in the event of an emergency. If an emergency evacuation is necessary, here are some helpful guidelines:

    Mobility Impairments
    • Ambulatory — Persons with limited mobility who are able to walk independently, either with or without the use of crutches or a cane, may be able to negotiate stairs with minor assistance in an emergency situation. Even some persons who customarily use a wheelchair or scooter for long distance travel may be able to walk independently in an emergency situation. If individuals are able to walk up or down stairs, it is advisable that they wait until the heavy traffic has cleared before attempting to evacuate if possible. Someone should walk beside the person to provide assistance in exiting the building, if needed.
    • Non-Ambulatory — In keeping with current philosophy and preference to "stay in place," the most recent advice from fire and campus safety experts is that wheelchair users should exit the building on their own if they are able to do so. If they encounter stairs or otherwise cannot exit independently, wheelchair users should move to, and remain at, a designated area of rescue assistance until emergency rescue personnel arrive. A specific person should be designated to inform emergency personnel of the individual's exact location. If rescue is deemed necessary, qualified personnel should assist in the evacuation. Please be aware that the person with the disability is the best authority on how to be moved.

    Visual Impairments

    Most people with vision loss will be familiar with their immediate surroundings. In the event of an emergency, tell the person the nature of the emergency and offer to guide him or her to the nearest emergency exit. Have the person take your elbow as you offer escort out of the building. As you walk, tell the individual where you are and advise of any obstacles (stairs, doors, etc.). When you reach safety, orient the person to their surroundings and ask if any further assistance is needed.

    Hearing Impairments

    If a building is not equipped with visual fire alarms, some individuals may not hear audio emergency alarms and will need to be alerted to the situation by gestures or by turning the light switch on and off. Emergency instructions can be given by verbalizing, mouthing, or by a short, explicit note. Example: "Fire alarms—go out south doors—now!" If you have questions or concerns about evacuation strategies, please contact the Director of Campus Safety and Compliance (or designee).

     

    EXPLOSION

    In the event of a violent accident such as an explosion or aircraft crash or similar incident on campus that could render a building or area unsafe, take the following actions:

    1. Immediately take cover under tables, desks, and other such objects that will give protection against falling glass or debris, or evacuate if possible.
    2. After the explosion, notify Campus Security at 740-283-6911, and the building contact person. Give your name and describe the location and nature of the emergency.
    3. When appropriate, or you are told to leave by Campus Security or by authorized University personnel, walk quickly to the nearest marked exit and alert others to do the same.
    4. Assist people with disabilities in exiting the building. Do not use elevators in case of fire.
    5. Once outside, move to a clear area away from the affected building. Keep streets and walkways clear for emergency vehicles and personnel.
    6. Do not return to an evacuated building unless directed to do so by Campus Security or authorized University personnel.
    7. Do not try to locate the source of the explosion.

     

    EXTREME HEAT

    Heat kills by pushing the human body beyond its limits. In extreme heat and high humidity, evaporation is slowed and the body must work extra hard to maintain a normal temperature.

    Most heat disorders occur because the victim has been overexposed to heat or has over-exercised for his or her age and physical condition. Older adults, young children, and those who are sick or overweight are more likely to succumb to extreme heat.

    Conditions that can induce heat-related illnesses include stagnant atmospheric conditions and poor air quality. Consequently, people living in urban areas may be at greater risk from the effects of a prolonged heat wave than those living in rural areas. Also, asphalt and concrete store heat longer and gradually release heat at night, which can produce higher nighttime temperatures known as the “urban heat island effect.”

    Familiarize yourself with these terms to help identify an extreme heat hazard:
    • Heat Wave: Prolonged period of excessive heat often combined with excessive humidity.
    • Heat Index: A number in degrees Fahrenheit (F) that tells how hot it feels when relative humidity is added to the air temperature. Exposure to full sunshine can increase the heat index by 15 degrees.
    • Heat Cramps: Muscular pains and spasms due to heavy exertion. Although heat cramps are the least severe, they are often the first signal that the body is having trouble with the heat.
    • Heat Exhaustion: Typically occurs when people exercise heavily or work in a hot, humid place where body fluids are lost through heavy sweating. Blood flow to the skin increases, causing blood flow to decrease to the vital organs. This results in a form of mild shock. If not treated, the victim’s condition will worsen. Body temperature will keep rising and the victim may suffer heat stroke.
    • Heat Stroke: A life-threatening condition. The victim’s temperature control system, which produces sweating to cool the body, stops working. The body temperature can rise so high that brain damage and death may result if the body is not cooled quickly.
    • Sun Stroke: Another term for heat stroke.

    Be prepared for extreme heat by taking the following suggested actions:
    • Cover windows that receive morning or afternoon sun with drapes, shades, awnings, or louvers. (Outdoor awnings or louvers can reduce the heat that enters a home by up to 80 percent.)
    • Keep storm windows up all year.
    • Stay indoors as much as possible and limit exposure to the sun.
    • Stay on the lowest floor out of the sunshine if air conditioning is not available.
    • Consider spending the warmest part of the day in public buildings such as libraries, schools, movie theaters, shopping malls, and other community facilities. Circulating air can cool the body by increasing the perspiration rate of evaporation.
    • Eat well-balanced, light, and regular meals. Avoid using salt tablets unless directed to do so by a physician.
    • Drink plenty of water. Persons who have epilepsy or heart, kidney, or liver disease; are on fluid-restricted diets; or have a problem with fluid retention should consult a doctor before increasing liquid intake.
    • Limit intake of alcoholic beverages.
    • Dress in loose-fitting, lightweight, and light-colored clothes that cover as much skin as possible.
    • Protect face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
    • Check on family, friends, and neighbors who do not have air conditioning and who spend much of their time alone.
    • Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles.
    • Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day. Use a buddy system when working in extreme heat, and take frequent breaks.

     

    FIRE

    To protect yourself, it is important to understand the basic characteristics of fire. Fire spreads quickly; there is no time to gather valuables or make a phone call. In just two minutes, a fire can become life-threatening. In five minutes, a residence can be engulfed in flames.

    Heat and smoke from fire can be more dangerous than the flames. Inhaling the super-hot air can sear your lungs. Fire produces poisonous gases that make you disoriented and drowsy. Instead of being awakened by a fire, you may fall into a deeper sleep. Asphyxiation is the leading cause of fire deaths, exceeding burns by a three-to-one ratio.

    Protective measures you can take:
    1. Know the location of fire extinguishers in your area and know how to use them. Training and information are available through Campus Security.
    2. Know your escape routes.
    3. Check closed doors for heat before you open them.
      • If the door is hot, DO NOT OPEN.
      • If the door is cold, open slowly and ensure fire and/or smoke is not blocking your escape route. If your escape route is blocked, shut the door immediately and use an alternate escape route, such as a window. If clear, leave immediately through the door and close it behind you. Be prepared to crawl. Smoke and heat rise. The air is clearer and cooler near the floor.
       
    4. On a minor fire that appears controllable, immediately contact Campus Security. Promptly direct the charge of the fire extinguisher toward the base of the flame.
      1. PULL
      2. AIM
      3. SQUEEZE
      4. SWEEP
       
    5. Call Campus Security at 740-283-6911 or 911. If necessary, or if directed to do so by Campus Security or authorized University personnel, activate the building fire alarm.
    6. On large fires that do not appear controllable, immediately contact Campus Security or call 911 and the building contact person. Evacuate all affected rooms closing all doors to confine the fire and reduce oxygen. DO NOT LOCK DOORS!
    7. In the event a person’s clothing is on fire, you must take the following steps:
      • Stop, drop and roll. Roll the person around on floor to smother the flame, or drench the person with water if emergency shower is immediately available.
      • Obtain medical attention, if necessary.
       
    8. Report the incident to recognized authority.
    9. When the building fire alarm is sounded or when told to leave by Campus Security or by authorized University personnel, walk quickly to the nearest marked exit, and alert others to do the same.
    10. Assist people with disabilities in exiting the building. Do not use elevators in case of fire.
    11. Once outside, move to a clear area away from the affected building. Keep the streets and walkways clear for emergency vehicles and personnel.
    12. Do not return to an evacuated building unless directed to do so by Campus Security or by recognized authority.

    NOTE: If you become trapped in a building during a fire and a window is available, place an article of clothing (shirt, coat, etc.) outside the window as a marker for emergency personnel. If there’s no window, stay near the floor, where the air will be more breathable. Shout at regular intervals to alert emergency personnel of your location.

     

    FLOODS

    Floods are one of the most common hazards in the United States. Flood effects can be local, impacting a neighborhood or community, or very large, affecting entire river basins and multiple states.

    However, all floods are not alike. Some floods develop slowly, sometimes over a period of days. But flash floods can develop quickly, sometimes in just a few minutes and without any visible signs of rain. Flash floods often have a dangerous wall of roaring water that carries rocks, mud, and other debris and can sweep away most things in its path. Overland flooding occurs outside a defined river or stream, such as when a levee is breached, but still can be destructive. Flooding can also occur when a dam breaks, producing effects similar to flash floods.

    Be aware of flood hazards no matter where you live, but especially if you live in a low-lying area, near water or downstream from a dam. Even very small streams, gullies, creeks, culverts, dry streambeds, or low-lying ground that appears harmless in dry weather can flood. Every state is at risk from this hazard.

    Protective measures you can take:

    If a flood is likely in your area, you should:

    • Listen to the radio or television for information.
    • Be aware that flash flooding can occur. If there is any possibility of a flash flood, move immediately to higher ground. Do not wait for instructions to move.
    • Be aware of streams, drainage channels, canyons, and other areas known to flood suddenly. Flash floods can occur in these areas with or without such typical warnings as rain clouds or heavy rain.

    If you are in close proximity to a flooded area, remember these evacuation tips:

    • Do not walk through moving water. Six inches of moving water can make you fall. If you have to walk in water, walk where the water is not moving. Use a stick to check the firmness of the ground in front of you.
    • Do not drive into flooded areas. If floodwaters rise around your car, abandon the car and move to higher ground if you can do so safely. You and the vehicle can be quickly swept away.

    The following are important points to remember when driving in flood conditions:

    • Six inches of water will reach the bottom of most passenger cars causing loss of control and possible stalling.
    • A foot of water will float many vehicles.
    • Two feet of rushing water can carry away most vehicles including sport utility vehicles (SUV’s) and pick-ups.

     

    HAZARDOUS GAS

    Hazardous Gas Odor (flammable, toxic, corrosive, oxygen, cryogenic)

    Natural Gas Odor

    Odorant, added to natural gas, can be detected at extremely low concentrations. Smelling natural gas does not necessarily constitute an immediate hazard. If natural gas odor is detected:

    • Call 911 and report the following:
      • Name and phone number
      • Building and room number
      • Area of odor
      • How long odor has been noticed
       

    Compressed Gas Cylinder

    If a cylinder is leaking, and in the judgment of the person responsible for the cylinder, the valve cannot be closed, and an immediate hazard exists:

    1. Turn on any exhaust ventilation and close all doors when exiting laboratory or shop.
    2. Call 911and report the following:
      • Name and phone number
      • Building
      • Room number where cylinder is located
      • Name of gas leaking
       
    3. Implement building evacuation. Move to a safe distance and leave clear access for emergency personnel. Do not return to the building until instructed by a University official or Campus Security.

    Emergency Response

    • In case of accidental release of a poisonous gas, such as a leaking cylinder, turn off all ignition sources (if time permits), evacuate the area immediately and close the door.
    • In the event of skin contamination, wash with soap and water and remove contaminated clothing.
    • In the event of eye contamination immediately flush the exposed area using an eye wash or water for 15 minutes.
    • In the event of exposure via inhalation, remove to fresh air and Call Campus Security at 740.283.6911 or 911 to arrange for medical attention for exposed personnel and to report the incident.

     

    HOSTAGE SITUATION

    If you hear or see a hostage situation:
    • Immediately remove yourself from danger.
    • Do not intervene or call attention to yourself.
    • Immediately call 911.
    • Be prepared to give the police the following information:
      1. Location of incident
      2. Number of possible hostage takers
      3. Physical description and names of hostage takers if possible
      4. Number of possible hostages
      5. Any weapons the hostage takers may have
      6. Your name
      7. Your location and phone number
       

    If you are taken hostage:
    • Remain calm, be polite, and cooperate with your captors.  Remember your captors may be emotionally unstable and their actions may be unpredictable.
    • Do not attempt to escape unless there is an extremely good chance of survival.  It is safer to be submissive and comply with the instructions of your captors.
    • Speak normally, do not complain, avoid being argumentative, and avoid making provocative remarks.  Comply with all orders and instructions.  Attempt to establish rapport with the captor.
    • Do not invade the captor’s personal space.  Do not touch or challenge the captor.
    • Do not draw attention to yourself with sudden body movements, statements, comments or hostile looks that may jeopardize your well-being.
    • Observe the captors and try to memorize their physical traits, voice patterns, clothing and other details that can help provide a description later.
    • Avoid getting into political or ideological discussions with the captors.
    • Try to establish a relationship with your captors and get to know them.  Captors are less likely to harm you if they respect you.
    • If forced to present terrorist demands to authorities, either in writing or on tape, state clearly that the demands are from your captors.  Avoid making a plea on your own behalf.
    • Try to stay low to the ground or behind cover from windows or doors, if possible.

    In a rescue situation:
    • Do not run.  Drop to the floor and remain still.  If that is not possible, keep your hands out and visible, bow your head, and stand still.  Make no sudden movements that a tense rescuer may interpret as hostile or threatening.
    • Wait for instructions and obey instructions you are given.
    • Do not be upset, resist, or argue if a rescuer isn’t sure whether you are a hostage or a hostage taker.
    • Even if you are handcuffed and searched, do not resist.  Just wait for the confusion to clear.
    • You will be taken to a safe area where proper identification and status will be determined.

     

    LOCKDOWN

    A Lockdown is the temporary sheltering technique, e.g. 30 minutes to several hours, utilized to limit The University’s occupants' exposure in an emergency situation.  This course of action may need to be taken during a tornado, earthquake, the release of hazardous materials in the outside air, a civil disturbance or an "Active Shooter" or similar incident.  When alerted, occupants of the building will lock all doors and windows, not allowing entry or exit to anyone until the all clear has been sounded.  This procedure converts any building into a large "Safe Room."  In the event a "Lockdown" is ordered for a weather related emergency, the doors to the building are not to be locked unless that is the condition they are in when a weather related "Lockdown" is ordered.

    Initiation of Lockdown Procedure

    When the Emergency Coordinator or designee determines the need to secure a building or buildings to protect the campus community and to prevent an escalation of the emergency, the order to "Lockdown" specific areas or the entire campus will be given.

    Notification that a "Lockdown" has been ordered will be communicated through the Emergency Notification System and by other appropriate means.  

    Lockdown Procedure

    Once the notice to "Lockdown" has been issued take the following action:

    • Remain calm.
    • Staff is required to secure the entrance(s) to the building, if it is safe to do so.  Place a sign on the door indicating Lockdown is in effect.  Close all windows.
    • If "Lockdown" is initiated for a weather related emergency do not secure the entrance(s) to the building.
    • Staff is to advise occupants that the building is in Lockdown and for everyone to take shelter and stay away from doors and windows.
    • Anyone who encounters a physically disabled individual should assist them if possible.
    • Remain indoors, e.g. your office or classroom. When in "Lockdown" you are not to leave the building unless an all clear has been sounded.
    • If possible, take refuge in a room that can be locked.  If unable to lock the door secure it by any means possible.  The room should also provide limited visibility to anyone that is outside of it.
    • Occupants should be seated below window level, toward the middle of a room away from windows and doors.  Turn off all lights.
    • Remain silent.  Turn off all radios or other devices that emit sound.  Silence cell phones.
    • If gunshots are heard lay on the floor, use heavy objects such as tables or filing cabinets for shelter.  Hide under a desk, in a closet or in the corner.
    • If safe to do so, turn off gas and electric appliances, e.g., heater, fan, coffee maker, gas valves, lights and locally controlled ventilation systems, e.g. air conditioner.
    • Do not shelter in open areas such as hallways or corridors.  Go to the nearest classroom, lecture hall or auditorium that can be locked.
    • After getting to a safe location and without jeopardizing your safety, try and obtain additional clarifying information by all possible means (e.g. Franciscan Homepage, TV, radio, email, etc.).  Report any suspicious activity if you can do so without jeopardizing your safety.  Call 911 if possible.
    • If outdoors seek nearby shelter, e.g. large trees, walls, mail boxes, and wait for additional instructions.
    • If you are in Lockdown due to a tornado warning proceed to the basement or lowest floor of the building.  Position yourself in the safest portion of the area away from glass.  Be prepared to kneel facing a wall and cover your head.
    • Do not unlock doors or attempt to leave until authorized Fire, Police or Security Department personnel give the “All Clear” instruction.  The "All Clear" will also be communicated through the Emergency Notification System.

     

    MAJOR UTILITY FAILURE

    Electrical/Light Failure

    • Remain calm and move cautiously to a lighted area
    • If the fire alarm sounds or upon notification by emergency personnel, evacuate and move to a designated assembly point
    • In laboratories, secure all experiments, fully close fume hoods and shut off any gases
    • Re-enter only when directed by recognized authority

    Elevator Failure

    • If you are trapped in an elevator, use the emergency phone in the elevator to notify Campus Security.  If the elevator emergency phone does not work, turn on the emergency alarm (located on the front panel) which will signal your need for help. You should not attempt to pry open elevator doors.  If you find someone trapped in an elevator, call 911 and report it to Campus Security at 740-283-6911.

    Plumbing Failure/Flooding

    • Cease using all electrical equipment.  If necessary, vacate the area.  Notify Campus Security at 740-283-6911.

    Serious Gas Leak

    • Cease all operations.  DO NOT SWITCH ON LIGHTS or ANY ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT (including cellular phones).  Electrical arcing can trigger an explosion!  Vacate the area and notify Campus Security at 740-283-6911.

    Ventilation Problem

    • If smoke or odors come from the ventilation system, and it becomes necessary, cease all operations and vacate the area.  Notify Campus Security at 740-283-6911 or dial 911.

     

    MEDICAL EMERGENCY

    Notify

    Call 911 or  Campus Security at 740-283-6911 for immediate medical assistance. Be prepared to provide  

    • Location (building and room number)
    • Best entrance for responder to go to (someone should meet the responders)
    • Nature and extent of emergency
    • Your name and the number from which you are calling

    Response
    • If you are trained, assist with First Aid or CPR
    • Follow instructions of emergency personnel

    Report all incidents
    • Call Campus Security at 740-283-6911 or call 911
    • Urgent Care
    • Call 911
    • Franciscan University Wellness Center (740-284-7223), Ground Floor, Finnegan Fieldhouse Monday-Friday: 9:00 a.m. to Noon and 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.; closed weekends.
    • Trinity Health System (24 hours), 4000 Johnson Road Steubenville, Ohio 43952, (740) 264-8000
    • Weirton Medical Center (24 hours), 601 Colliers Way, Weirton, WV 26062, (304) 797-6000

    Mental Health
    • Franciscan University Counseling  Center (740-284-7217), Ground Floor, Finnegan Fieldhouse, Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday: 9:00 a.m. to Noon and 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.; Tuesdays: 9:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.; closed weekends

    Hotlines (24 hour confidential support and resources)
    • Poison Center-call 800-822-1222
    • Suicide Prevention-call 800-273-TALK
    • Alcohol and Drug Abuse-call 800-662-HELP
    • Sex Assault-call 800-656-HOPE
    • American Red Cross-call 1-800-RED CROSS (1-800-733-2767)
    • Coalition Against Domestic Violence-call 800-799-SAFE

     

    POST EMERGENCY RECOVERY AND RESTORATION

    Critical Incident Stress Debriefing

    1. In the event of an incident occurring on campus involving loss of life or critical injuries, those staff members or students most closely involved in response to the incident or those closely related to the persons involved will need to be assisted with reactions to the event.
    2. A CISD team will be formed consisting of counselors from Campus Counseling Services, faculty members with counseling/psychology/social work credentials, or mental health professionals from the local community.
    3. Group or individual meetings will be offered to those affected by the event in order to allow for discussion of reactions to the event and to give some guidelines for typical coping patterns following such an event.
    4. Such CISD services do not attempt to replace professional counseling treatment, but provide individuals necessary support and information to assist in recovery and return to normal emotional functioning.

    Debriefing the Emergency Preparedness Response

    1. The Emergency Director will call a meeting of all members of the Emergency Response Team following the event in order to review how the response was conducted and to decide what can be learned from the emergency in order to update and improve the Emergency Response Plan.
    2. This meeting will occur as soon as is practical after the event, but no later than 30 days after the event has subsided in order to keep all the details fresh in everyone’s memory.

    Injury/Death Notification Procedure

    In the event of a serious injury or death to a person(s) on the campus, the following procedures shall be followed:

    1. The Director of Campus Security or the Director of Campus Safety and Compliance shall immediately prepare a short written summary of the situation that precipitated the injury of the person(s) or death and present it to the Emergency Coordinator, the chain of Supervision for the individual, and the Executive Director of MarCom.
    2. After a short review and edit session amongst all parties, the appropriate Cabinet member or their designee shall contact the next of kin by telephone and explain the situation, offering prayers, support, and assistance.
    3. Inform the family that the details are limited and a fuller investigation of the situation will be undertaken.
    4. Whenever possible, a representative of the University should attempt to meet the family at the healthcare facility, bringing along any personal belongings and offering assistance as needed.
    5. Leave contact information with the family so members can follow up as needed or desired.
    6. All discussion with any media outlet shall be done through MarCom.
    7. In the event of mass casualties, the President along with various Cabinet members will participate in the calling of families.

     

    SUSPICIOUS BEHAVIOR

    Report any of the following suspicious behavior or circumstances to Campus Security at 740-283-6911 or call 911:  

    • People in buildings or areas who do not appear to be conducting legitimate business.
    • People monitoring various areas, buildings or entrances.
    • People requesting information with no apparent need for such information.
    • People taking photographs of critical facilities.
    • People dressed inappropriately for weather conditions (suicide bomber).

     

    SUSPICIOUS PACKAGE OR MAIL

    Characteristics of a Suspicious Mail or Package

    Some typical characteristics, which in combination may trigger suspicion, are:

    • Restricted markings such as "personal" or "special delivery."
    • No return address or one that cannot be verified as legitimate.
    • A city or state in the postmark that does not match the return address.
    • Unusual weight based on size.
    • Lopsided or oddly shaped, strange odors, oily stains, crystallization, protruding wires, rigid or bulky, excessive tape or string.
    • No return address.
    • Poorly handwritten.
    • Excessive postage.
    • Misspelled words.
    • Incorrect titles.
    • Foreign postage.
    • Strange sounds.
    • Restrictive notes.
    • Unexpected delivery.

    If you notice a suspicious package or mail

    DO NOT:
    • Use two-way radios or cellular phone; radio signals have the potential to detonate a bomb.
    • Activate the fire alarm.
    • Touch or move a suspicious package.

    DO:
    • Call Campus Security 740-283-6911or 911 to initiate an emergency response when you are a safe distance away from the mail or package.
    • Evacuate the building until police or emergency personnel arrive and evaluate the threat.

    If you open mail or a package containing suspicious material or alleged to contain suspicious material:

    • Set it down where you are.  Do not move the contaminated material.  If any material spills out of the package, do not try to clean it up and do not brush off your clothes as this could disperse the material into the air.
    • Close the door to the area where the suspicious parcel was opened and do not allow others to enter the area.
    • Call Campus Security 740-283-6911 or 911 to initiate an emergency response when you are a safe distance away from the mail or package.
    • Evacuate the building until police or emergency personnel arrive and evaluate the threat.

     

    THUNDERSTORMS

    Thunderstorms may include strong winds, lightning, hail, heavy rain, flash floods, downbursts, and even tornadoes.  Thunderstorms are dangerous.

    Lightning from a storm can be fascinating to watch, but is also extremely dangerous.  Lightning can strike as far as 10 miles away from the rain area in a thunderstorm, but at that distance it may even be difficult to tell a storm is coming.  It is best to take shelter immediately if the sky looks threatening or if you see lightning or hear thunder.

    Severe Thunderstorm Watch means severe thunderstorms are possible, continue activities and monitor the situation.

     

    Severe Thunderstorm Warning means severe thunderstorms are imminent, capable of causing significant damage due to high winds, lightning or hail.

    What to do during a thunderstorm warning (remember the 30-30 rule):
    • If there is less than 30 seconds between a flash of lightning and the sound of thunder, you need to seek shelter.  Or better yet, seek shelter on the first sign of thunder or lightning - better to be safe than sorry.
    • Remain under cover until 30 minutes after the final clap of thunder -- don't let the sunny skies fool you.

    Here are some specific tips on how to protect yourself from the dangers associated with thunderstorms and lightning:
    1. If you plan to be outdoors, check the weather forecast and watch for signs of a storm.  Be prepared to take shelter; lightning may strike some miles from the parent cloud.
    2. If you are caught outside, do not stand under the tallest object in the landscape.  If you are in a forest, seek shelter in a low area under a thick growth of small trees.  In open areas, go to a low place, such as a ravine or valley.
    3. Get off or away from open water, tractors, and other metal farm equipment or small metal vehicles.  Put down anything metal that you are holding and stay away from anything that is wire or metal.  If you are in a group in the open, stay several yards apart.
    4. If you are caught on a level field far from shelter, and you feel your hair stand on end, lightning may be about to strike you.  Drop to your knees and bend forward, putting your hands on your knees.  Do not lie flat on the ground.
    5. At your residence, do not use the telephone except in emergencies.  Unplug unnecessary appliances.  Do not take a bath or shower.
    6. Prepare for a power outage by locating flashlights, a battery-operated radio, and batteries.  Stay tuned to your local radio station for more information about the storm.
    7. Consider any downed power lines as deadly dangerous -- don't go near them.  Report them immediately to Campus Security.

     

    TORNADO

    General Information:

    Tornadoes usually occur in the spring and summer; they are formed by severe thunderstorms.  Considered nature's most violent and erratic storms, they consist of whirling winds of up to 300 miles per hour.  Tornadoes can sweep through an area, causing serious damage and destruction.  In addition to injuries and structural damage, electrical shorts, gas leaks, etc., may create fires or other hazards.  Everyone must understand the terminology associated with tornado safety.

    Some tornadoes are clearly visible, while rain or nearby low-hanging clouds obscure others.  Occasionally, tornadoes develop so rapidly that little, if any, advance warning is possible.

    Before a tornado hits, the wind may die down and the air may become very still.  A cloud of debris can mark the location of a tornado even if a funnel is not visible.  Tornadoes generally occur near the trailing edge of a thunderstorm.  It is not uncommon to see clear, sunlit skies behind a tornado.

    Tornado Watch: Weather conditions are considered favorable for tornadoes to form in and near the watch area.  These conditions are determined by the National Weather Service which transmits the watch information through weather radio, television and radio.  When a tornado watch has been issued for your area, you should monitor weather radio, local radio or television for additional watches or warnings.

    Tornado Warning: A tornado warning means that a tornado has been sighted by the public or local law enforcement, or that Doppler radar has indicated an area of rotation that could develop, or has developed, into a tornado.

    Take shelter immediately.  Remember that tornadoes can form and move quickly; therefore, there may not be adequate time to issue a warning.  If severe thunderstorms occur, be alert to the fact that a thunderstorm could trigger a tornado, and be prepared.

    The following are facts about tornadoes:
    • They may strike quickly, with little or no warning.
    • They may appear nearly transparent until dust and debris are picked up or a cloud forms in the funnel.
    • The average tornado moves Southwest to Northeast, but tornadoes have been known to move in any direction.
    • The average forward speed of a tornado is 30 MPH, but may vary from stationary to 70 MPH.
    • Tornadoes can accompany tropical storms and hurricanes as they move onto land.
    • Waterspouts are tornadoes that form over water.
    • Tornadoes are most frequently reported east of the Rocky Mountains during spring and summer months.
    • Peak tornado season in the southern states is March through May; in the northern states, it is late spring through early summer.
    • Tornadoes are most likely to occur between 3 p.m. and 9 p.m., but can occur at any time.

    Response Actions:

    During a tornado warning, follow the procedure listed below.

    In a vehicle:
    • If a tornado approaches when you are on the road, try to get to an indoor shelter as quickly as possible.  Find a sturdy building and get to the basement or an interior room.

    If you cannot reach shelter:
    • Get off the road as soon as possible.  It is often better to leave the road completely than to pull over to the side.
    • Avoid stopping under bridges and tunnels.  These over and under passes channel high winds, making them more dangerous than being out in the open.
    • Stay low.  Stay in your car, secured into your seat belt, and put your head down below the window–covering it with your hands or a blanket if you have one.  Or, if you can safely get lower than the level of the roadway, exit your car and lie in that area, covering your head with your hands.  

    Inside buildings:
    • Stay away from all windows and doors;
    • Do not open windows
    • Move to an interior corridor away from windows;
    • Stay away from lobbies, walkways, atriums and other large glassed-in areas, and large open areas with a long roof span;
    • If available, take cell phone and flashlight;
    • Crouch down along the wall or under a sturdy table and protect your head with your arms from possible debris;
    • Remain in sheltered area until given the all clear by Campus Security or other Emergency or University Personnel.

    Outside of buildings:
    • When instructed or conditions warrant, seek shelter in the nearest building;
    • Stay away from all windows and doors;
    • Move to an interior corridor away from windows;
    • Stay away from lobbies, walkways, atriums and other large glassed-in areas, and large open areas with a long roof span;
    • If there is no shelter available, lie in a ditch or other earthen depression; and
    • Never attempt to outrun a tornado.
    • Once an all-clear has been given, follow the procedure below:
    • If the building was not affected by incident, return to your previous location; and
    • If your building was affected by the incident, attempt to safely exit the building.  If unable to do so, seek help by calling Campus Security at 740.283-6911 or 911.  If no telephone is available, try to get the attention of outside personnel by making noise, such as yelling.

     

    VIOLENT OR CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR

    All acts of violence or criminal behavior should be reported as soon as possible.  Violent or criminal behavior may occur anywhere, anytime.  It is difficult to be prepared for the unexpected, but taking time to think about what you would do in certain situations could help prepare yourself for such an event.  If you are the victim of, are involved in, or witnessed, any on-campus violent or criminal behavior such as assault, robbery, theft, a sexual crime, etc., you should notify Campus Security at 740-283-6911 or call 911 as soon as possible and be prepared to give them information about the incident.

     

    WINTER WEATHER

    Heavy snowfall and extreme cold can immobilize an entire region.  Even areas that normally experience mild winters can be hit with a major snowstorm or extreme cold.  Winter storms can result in flooding, storm surge, closed highways, blocked roads, downed power lines and hypothermia.  Be prepared for slippery roads, limited visibility, and use caution when driving.  In extreme cold temperatures, it is advised that you limit your outside activities.

    Familiarize yourself with the following terms that are used to identify winter weather:
    • Winter Storm Watch: A winter storm is possible in your area.  Listen to your commercial radio or television for more information.
    • Winter Weather Advisory: can be issued when a low pressure system produces a combination of winter weather that produces a hazard but does not meet warning criteria.  The combination of winter weather can include, snow, freezing rain, sleet, etc.
    • Winter Weather Advisory for Snow is used to express the risks of travel caused by snow-covered roads and low visibilities.  Drive with caution.
    • Freezing Rain Advisory: refers to a forecast where substantial accumulation is expected.
    • Freezing Rain: is rain that freezes when it hits the ground, creating a coating of ice on roads, walkways, trees, and power lines.
    • Sleet is rain that turns to ice pellets before reaching the ground.  Sleet also causes moisture on roads to freeze and become slippery.
    • Winter Storm Warning: is in effect when a winter storm is either forecasted or already taking place, meaning heavy snow or large ice accumulation are forecast or imminent.  Typically, snow exceeding 6 inches, significant ice accumulation, dangerous wind chills, or any combination would prompt a warning to be issued.
    • Blizzard Warning: Sustained winds or frequent gusts to 35 miles per hour or greater and considerable amounts of falling or blowing snow (reducing visibility to less than a quarter mile) are expected to prevail for a period of three hours or longer.
    • Frost/Freeze Warning: Below freezing temperatures are expected.

    The following are guidelines for what you should do during a winter storm or under conditions of extreme cold:
    • Listen to your radio or television for weather reports and emergency information.
    • Eat regularly and drink ample fluids, but avoid caffeine and alcohol.
    • Avoid overexertion when shoveling snow.  Overexertion can bring on a heart attack —a major cause of death in the winter.  If you must shovel snow, stretch before going outside.
    • Watch for signs of frostbite.  These include loss of feeling and white or pale appearance in extremities such as fingers, toes, ear lobes, and the tip of the nose.  If symptoms are detected, get medical help immediately.  Additionally, watch for signs of hypothermia. These include uncontrollable shivering, memory loss, disorientation, incoherence, slurred speech, drowsiness, and apparent exhaustion.  If symptoms of hypothermia are detected, get the victim to a warm location, remove wet clothing, warm the center of the body first, and give warm, non-alcoholic beverages if the victim is conscious.  Get medical help as soon as possible.
    • Conserve fuel, if necessary, by keeping your residence cooler than normal.  Temporarily close off heat to some rooms.
    • Wear several layers of loose fitting, lightweight; warm clothing rather than one layer of heavy clothing.  The outer garments should be tightly woven and water repellent.
    • Wear mittens, which are warmer than gloves.
    • Wear a hat.
    • Cover your mouth with a scarf to protect your lungs.
    • Avoid traveling by car in a storm, but if you must:
      • Carry an Emergency Supply Kit in the trunk.
      • Travel in the day if possible.
      • Try not travel alone.
      • Stay on main roads; avoid back road shortcuts.
      • Keep your car’s gas tank full for emergency use and to keep the fuel line from freezing.
      • Let someone know your destination, your route, and when you expect to arrive.  If your car gets stuck along the way, help can be sent along your predetermined route.
      • Eat regularly and drink ample fluids, but avoid caffeine and alcohol.
       
    • If a blizzard traps you in the car, keep these guidelines in mind:
      • Pull off the highway.  Turn on hazard lights and hang a distress flag from the radio antenna or window.
      • Remain in your vehicle where rescuers are most likely to find you.  Do not set out on foot unless you can see a building close by where you know you can take shelter.  Be careful; distances are distorted by blowing snow.  A building may seem close, but be too far to walk to in deep snow.
      • Run the engine and heater about 10 minutes each hour to keep warm.  When the engine is running, open an upwind window slightly for ventilation.  This will protect you from possible carbon monoxide poisoning.  Periodically clear snow from the exhaust pipe.
      • Exercise to maintain body heat, but avoid overexertion.  In extreme cold, use road maps, seat covers, and floor mats for insulation.  Huddle with passengers and use your coat for a blanket.
      • Take turns sleeping. One person should be awake at all times to look for rescue crews.
      • Drink fluids to avoid dehydration.
      • Be careful not to waste battery power.  Balance electrical energy needs—the use of lights, heat, and radio—with supply.
      • Turn on the inside light at night so work crews or rescuers can see you.
      • If stranded in a remote area, stomp large block letters in an open area spelling out HELP or SOS and line with rocks or tree limbs to attract the attention of rescue personnel who may be surveying the area by airplane.
       

    Notification of Winter Weather Conditions

    The University will make announcements using the Emergency Notification System and the University’s website.

    WORKPLACE VIOLENCE

    Try to remain calm.  Your actions may help calm a potentially violent situation, or they may escalate the problem.

    • Stay calm. Don’t be in a hurry.
    • Be empathetic.  Show you are concerned.
    • Try to have the other person and yourself sit down.  Sitting is a less aggressive position.
    • Give positive-outcome statements, such as “We can get this straightened out.”
    • Give positive feedback for continued talking, such as “I’m glad you’re telling me how you feel.”
    • Stay out of arms’ reach.
    • Have limited eye contact.
    • Take notes.
    • Avoid yelling or arguing.
    • Do not joke or be sarcastic.

    If someone becomes agitated:
    • Leave the scene immediately, if possible.  Call Campus Security from a safe place.
    • Or try to alert a co-worker that there is a problem; e.g. by calling and using an agreed upon code word to indicate trouble.
    Practice preventive measures:
    • Discuss and agree on circumstances and situations in the workplace that everyone should watch out for.  Have procedures, signals and code words in place to deal with threatening situations.
    • Avoid scheduling appointments for times when no one else is in the area.  Alert your colleagues in advance about a difficult meeting, and keep the door to the room open, or meet in a public area.
    • Try to avoid working alone after hours.  If you have to work late, advise a colleague, friend or family member.
    • When working after office hours, keep doors locked and do not open the door unless you are expecting someone.
    • Report any strange or unusual activities in and around your workplace immediately to your supervisor, Campus Security, and/or the police.
    • Do not leave money or valuable belongings out in the open.  Purses should be locked in a desk or cabinet.
    • Lock your office and/or lab doors when these areas are not in use, even when you are leaving for “just a moment.”
    • Always walk in well-lit areas and know your surroundings.  If you think you are being followed, do not go home; go where there are other people.  Call Campus Security as soon as you are in a safe place.
    • Report to your building administrator any workplace locks, windows or lights that are in need of repair or attention.
    Immediate or Imminent Danger:

    If a reported or on-going incident of possible workplace violence presents an immediate or imminent danger, you should take the following action:

    • Call Campus Security at 740-283-6911 or dial 911.
    • Call your immediate supervisor.
    • Decide whether to continue operations or evacuate the area.

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Steubenville, Ohio 43952

(740) 283-3771

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